Prolotherapy is a type of Regenerative Injection Therapy in which the damaged ligaments or tendons are injected with a substance that either directly or indirectly causes a small amount of local tissue irritation or inflammation. The resulting inflammation triggers the body’s natural repair processes to strengthen the existing tissue and to enhance the growth of new tissue.
Loose ligaments and chronically damaged tendons can lead to muscle spasm, loss of movement, and many painful sensations and feelings. Prolotherapy stimulates the body’s own inflammatory process in a more controlled and less violent way than that which occurs during trauma or injury. The technique of creating this inflammation and the subsequent creation of new collagen is done by injecting solutions known as proliferants. Proliferants are nothing more than irritants that act directly or indirectly to stimulate inflammation or tissue production. These irritants break open the surface of the cell walls and allow the cell contents to spill out into the immediate and adjacent tissue spaces. This stimulates the healing cascade.